Multiple independent agencies (Consumers Union, GAO, USPIRG, ED’s OIG, FDIC etc.) have found that students in relationships with third-party servicers that provide direct payments to students often face higher costs, deceptive business practices, and misleading direct marketing. As a result in 2015, the Department began requiring institutions to provide disclosures to their students and report certain data about their contracts to ED.
A Tier 1 (T1) Arrangement is one in which a school contracts with a third-party servicer to perform one or more of the functions associated with processing direct payments of Title IV funds on behalf of the school, and the school, or third-party servicer makes payments to one of the following:
• One or more financial accounts that are offered to students under the contract
• A financial account where information about the account is communicated directly to students by the third-party servicer, or the school on behalf of or together with the third-party servicer
• A financial account where information about the account is communicated directly to students by an entity contracted with or affiliated with the third-party servicer.
A Tier 2 (T2) Arrangement is one in which a school has a contract with a financial institution, or entity that offers financial accounts through a financial institution, under which financial accounts are offered and marketed directly to students enrolled at the school.
A financial account is marketed directly if
• the school communicates information directly to its students about the financial account and how it may be opened;
• the financial account or access device is cobranded with the school’s name, logo, mascot, or other affiliation and is marketed principally to students at the institution; or
• a card or tool that is provided to the student for school purposes, such as a student ID card, is validated, enabling the student to use the device to access a financial account.
By September 1, 2017, any institution with a Tier one (T1) arrangement, and/or a Tier two (T2) must post on its website T1 and/or T2 contract data pertaining to the total consideration paid or received by the contracting parties under the arrangement for the most recently completed award year.
Each such institution must also post the mean and median costs its students incurred, as well as the number of students who had financial accounts under the contract at any time during the most recently completed award year, unless the institution had fewer than 30 enrolled students with accounts opened under the T1 or T2 arrangement. The regulations require that thereafter, these postings must be updated within 60 days after the end of each award year.
To meet this requirement, institutions must do the following:
• Post information regarding the mean and median costs students incurred and the number of student accountholders prominently, and as the first piece of information at the URL provided to the Department under §668.164(e)(2)(viii) and (f)(4)(v)
• Place information regarding to the total monetary consideration paid or received by the contracting parties directly below the information regarding student accounts
• Place any non-monetary consideration between the contracting parties directly below information pertaining to the monetary consideration.
For more information on the most recent Cash Management guidelines associated with T1 and T2 arrangements, click here.